Nobel Prize Winners 2014

CategoryNames of Winners (Countries)Reason/Contribution
PhysicsIsamu Akasaki (Japanese),
Hiroshi Amano (Japanese),
Shuji Nakamura (Japanese-American)
For the invention of "efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources.-
ChemistryEric Betzig (American),
Stefan W. Hell (German),
William E. Moerner (American),
For the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy
Medicine and PhysiologyJohn O-Keefe (American-British),
May-Britt Monser (Norwegian),
Edvard I. Monser (Norwegian)
For the discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain
EconomicsJean Tirole (French)For his analysis of market power and regulation
LiteraturePatrick Modiano (French)For the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation
PeaceKailash Satyarthi (India),
Malala Yousafzai (Pakistan)
For their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education

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