Leading International Organizations



Sl No.


Organization Name


Purpose


Members


Secretary General/Head


HQ


Founded in


1


United Nations (UN)


To facilitate cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace


193 Member States


Ban-Ki-Moon (South Korea)


New York City, USA


1945


2


United Nations Security Council (UNSC)


To maintain international peace and security


15 Member states (5 Permanent)


NA (Changes every month)


New York City, USA


1946


3


EU (European Union)


To improve economic, technological, social co-operation among the European Countries


27 European Countries



HQ- Brussels,Belgium


1993


4


Commonwealth of Nations


To improve co-operation among the nations which were formerly part of the British Empire.


54 Countries


Kamalesh Sharma (India)


Marlborough House, London


1952


5


OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe)


To handle issues such as arms control, human rights, freedom of the press and fair elections


 56 Countries, 12 Partners


Lamberto Zannier (Italy)


Vienna, Austria


1973 (as CSCE) Renamed as OSCE in 1995


6


SAARC (South Asian association for Regional cooperation)


To improve economic, technological, social, and cultural development among the South Asian nations


8 South Asian Countries


Fathimath Dhiyana Saeed (Maldives)


Kathmandu, Nepal


1985


7


World Bank


To promote foreign investment, international trade and facilitate capital investment.


187 Countries


Robert B. Zoellick (USA)


Washington DC


1944


8


International Monetary Fund (IMF)


To promote international economic cooperation and focus on exchange rate and the balance of payments


187 Countries


Christine Lagarde (France)


Washington DC


1944


9


WTO (world trade organization)


To supervise and liberalize international trade.


153 Countries


Pascal Lamy (France)


Geneva , Switzerland


1995


10


NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)


Intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty


28 Countries


Anders Fogh Rasmussen (Denmark)


Brussels,Belgium


1949


11


OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)


To decide the production and supply of crude oil by the member countries


12 Countries


Abdalla Salem el-Badri (Libya)


Vienna, Austria


1960


12


OECD (organization for Economic cooperation and development)


To stimulate economic progress and world trade.


34 Countries


Jose Angel Gurria (Mexico)


Paris,France


1948


13


APEC (asian pacific economic cooperation)


To promote free trade and economic cooperation throughout the Asia-Pacific region


21 Countries



HQ- singapore


1989


14


SCO (shanghai cooperation organization)


To promote intergovernmental mutual security


6 Countries


Muratbek Imanaliev(Kyragyzstan)


Beijing,China


1996