Indian History Timeline Till Sepoy Mutiny

YearEvents
10Establishment of the Indo-Parthian kingdom.
35Western Satraps formed.
50Establishment of the Kushan empire by Kujula Kadphises, first Buddhist stupa is constructed at Sanchi
68Establishment of the Kushan empire by Kujula Kadphises.
78Beginning of Saka era
78Gautamiputra Satkarni becomes Satavahana emperor and starts Shalivahana era calendar after defeating Scythian king Maues.
90Sung jae has established kingdom.
120Accession of Kanishka
240Sri-Gupta starts the Gupta Empire in Magadha, with its capital in Patliputra
300The Pallava dynasty is established in Kanchi
320Commencement of Gupta era. the golden age of Hindu India
320The Gupta dynasty founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta, reunited northern India initiating the "golden Age" of India
320Chandragupta I ascends to the Gupta throne.
335King Samudragupta ascends the Gupta throne and expands the empire.
335Samudragupta ascends the Gupta throne and expands the empire.
380Accession of Vikramaditya
380Chandragupta II, Samudragupta's son becomes the Gupta Emperor.
405Visit of Chinese traveller Fa-hien
415Accession of Kumara Gupta I
450Invasions by the Huna
455Accession of Skando Gupta
554Collapse of Gupta Empire after the death of Shashankgupta.
606Harshavardhan-s reign starts
606Harshavardhana crowned Monarch.
606Harshavardhana crowned Monarch.
637Badami Chalukya power at its peak. Pulakeshin II pushes north up to the Narmada and defeats the invading Harshavardhana of Kanauj
700According to the Qissa-i Sanjan, the immigrants Parsi were granted permission to stay by the local ruler Jadi Rana
712First invasion in Sind by Arabs
712First Muslim, Md. Bin Qasim defeats Raja Dahir
712First Muslim, Muhammad Bin Qasim defeats Raja Dahir
753Establishment of Rashtrakuta Kingdom of Manyakhet by Danti Durga by defeating Chalukyas of Badami
788Birth of Adi Shankaracharya
814Nripatunga Amoghavarsha I becomes Rashtrakuta emperor. Kannada literature flourishes.
836Accession of King Bhoja of Kannauj
836Gurjara-Pratihara (to 910)
985Accession of Rajaraja,the Chola ruler
998Accession of Sultan Mahmud
1000Invasion of Mahmud of Ghazni
1001First invasion of India by Mahmud Chazni who defeated jaipal, ruler of Punjab
1021Mahmud Ghazni defeats Tarnochalpal and annexes Punjab
1025Last invasion of Mahmud Ghazni, sacked and destroyed temple of Somnath
1030Alberuni arrivies in India; death of Mahmud of Ghazni
1058Sumra Dynasty ends the Arab domination and establishes its own rule over Sindh.
1120Kalyani Chalukyas power at its peak. Vikramaditya VI ushers in Vikrama Chalukya era.
1134Life of Basaveshwara, philosopher and social reformer. (to 1196)
1157The Kalachuris under Bijjala II capture Kalyani
1190Mohammed Ghauri invades India.
1191"Victory of Prithviraj Chauhan". First battle of Tarain between Mohammed Ghori and Prithviraj III. Ghauri is defeated by Prithivi Raj Chauhan III.
1192"Victory of Mohammed Ghauri". Second battle of Tarain fought between Ghauri and Prithivi Raj Chauhan III. Prithvi Raj Chauhan III is defeated by Mhammed Ghori.
1194Battle of Chandawar fought between Ghauri and Jaichand of Kannauj. Ghauri defeated Jayachandra and killed him.
1206Accession of Qutab-ud-din Aibak to the throne of Delhi
1206Gakhars kills Muhammad Ghori during a raid on his camp on the Jhelum River
1206Qutb-ud-din Aibak establishes Slave Dynasty later to be known as Delhi Sultanate
1210Death of Qutub-ud-din Aibak
1210Qutb-ud-din Aibak died while playing polo.
1221Changes Khan invaded India (Mongol invasion)
1236Accession of Razia Sultan to the throne of Delhi
1236Razia Sultana, only lady ruler of Delhi
1240Murder of Razia Sultan by Turkish nobles.
1267The Mahanubhava philosophy established by Chakradhar Swami.
1290Jalal ud-Din Firuz establishes the Khilji sultanate at Delhi
1290Murder of Muiz ud din Qaiqabad.
1296Accession of Ala-ud-din Khilji
1298Marco Polo visits India
1310Ala-ud-din Khalji's army under Malik Kafur occupies Devagiri ending the Seuna Yadava Kingdom
1316Ala-ud-din Khilji dies
1323Ulugh Khan defeats Prataparudra ending the Kakatiya dynasty
1325Accession of Muhammad-bin Tughlaq
1327Shifting of Capital from Delhi to Daulatabad to Deccan by the Tughlaqs
1336Vijayanagara Empire established by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I
1343Veera Ballala III was killed at the Battle of Madurai.
1347Governor Hasan Gangu revolts against Muhammad bin Tughluq founding the Bahmani Sultanate
1351Accession of Feroze Shah
1351Samma Dynasty assumes rule over Sindh
1370Bukka, the Vijayanagara ruler and his son Kumara Kamapna capture the entire Tamil speaking parts.
1398Invasion of India by Timur Lang
1398Timur conquered India resulting in the decline of the Delhi Sultanate
1401Dilawar Khan establishes the Malwa Sultanate in present-day northern India
1407Zafar Khan: governor of Gujarat, declares himself as Sultan Muzaffar Shah founding the Gujarat Sultanate/Muzaffarid dynasty
1414Khizr Khan, deputized by Timur to be the governor of Multan takes over Delhi founding the Sayyid dynasty
1424Deva Raya II succeeded his father Veera Vijaya Bukka Raya as monarch of the Vijayanagara Empire
1443Abdur Razzaq visits India
1446Mallikarjuna Raya succeeds his father Deva Raya II
1451Bahlul Khan Lodhi ascends the throne of the Delhi sultanate starting the Lodhi dynasty
1469Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism is born
1483Birth of Babur in Andijan, Fergana Valley in Central Asia
1485Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya drives out Praudha Raya ending the Sangama Dynasty
1486Advent of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, founder of Gaudiya Vaishnavism and leader of the world's first civil disobedience movement, in Navadwip, West Bengal
1490Ahmadnagar declares independence, followed by Bijapur and Berar in the same year thus breaking up the Bahmani Sultanate.
1494Accession of Babar in Farghana
1497Vasco de Gama's first voyage from Europe to India and back (to 1499)
1498First voyage of Vasco da Gama to India( discovery of sea route to India via the Cape of Good Hope
1498Vasco de Gama's first voyage from Europe to India and back (to 1499)
1503Kingdom of Kochi is taken over by the Portuguese creating the first European settlement in India.
1508The Christian-Islamic power struggle in Europe and the Middle East. Spills over into the Indian Ocean as Battle of Chaul during the Portuguese-Mamluk War
1509Battle of Diu marks the beginning of the dominance of the Europeans in the Asian naval theater.
1510Portuguese India (to 1961)
1522Portuguese land on the Coromandel Coast
1526First Battle of Panipat, Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodhi; Foundation of Mughal rule by Babar
1526Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, of the Delhi Sultanate, angers local nobles, who respond by inviting Babur, the Mughal ruler of Kabul, to invade Delhi andAgra. The local population, plus the possession of artillery, assists Babur in killing the Sultan (whose soldiers desert him) at the Battle of Panipat.
1527Battle of Khanya-Babar defeated Rana Sanga
1527Babur bribes Mewar general Silhadi promising Silhadi a kingdom, if Silhadi betrays Mewar King Rana Sanga in Battle of Khanwa, thus leading to the annexation of Mewar.
1530Death of Babar and accession of Humayun
1530Babur completes his Baburnama, reflecting on society, politics, economics, history, geography, nature, flora and fauna, which to this day is a standard textbook in 25 countries. Babur dies, and is succeeded by his son Humayun.
1539Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayan and became India-s emperor
1539Battle of Chausa fought between Humayun and Sher Shah Suri in which Humayun defeated.
1539Guru Angad Dev becomes second guru of Sikhs.
1540Battle of Kannauj
1540Battle of Kannauj fought between Humayun and Sher Shah Suri and Humayun was completely defeated. Humayun lost the Mughal empire to Afghans (Suri Dynasty), and passed 12 years in exile.
1545Death of Sher Shah Suri and succeeded by Islam Shah Suri.
1552Guru Amar Das becomes third Guru of Sikhs.
1554Death of Islam Shah Suri.
1555Humayan recaptured the throne of Delhi
1555Mughal king Humayun comes to fight Sher Shah and regains India
1555Humayun regained the throne of Delhi from the hands of weak successors of Sher Shah.
1556Second Battle of Panipat
1556Humayun converts from Sunni Islam to Shia Islam, to gain the alliance of the Shah of Persia. Humayun dies, and is succeeded by his son Akbar.
1556Hindu king Hemu establishes 'Hindu Raj' in North India and bestowed with title of "Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya"; Second Battle of Panipatfought between Hemu and Akbar's forces in which Hemu is killed.
1565Battle of Talikota
1565Battle of Talikota results in the rout of Vijayanagara empire.
1572Akbar the Great annexes Gujarat, also shifts the Mughal capital to Fatehpur Sikri where a new township and citadel containing buildings of a unique all-India character—inspired by the architecture of Bengal, Gujarat, Malwa, Kashmir as well as the Timurid world—is born.
1574Guru Ram Das becomes fourth Guru of Sikhs.
1574Akbar annexes Bengal.
1576Battle of Haldighati; Rana Pratap defeated by Akbar
1581Guru Arjan Dev becomes fifth Guru of Sikhs.
1582Din-e-Illahi founded by Akbar
1586Akbar annexes Kashmir.
1597Death of Rana Pratap
1600East India Company established
1600Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter to the East India Company established trading posts in Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras
1600East India company is formed in England. Gets exclusive trading rights with India.
1605Death of Akbar and accession of Jehangir
1605Akbar dies, and is succeeded by his son Jehangir.
1606Execution of Guru Arjun Dev
1606Guru Hargobind becomes sixth guru of Sikhs.
1611Jehangir marries Nur jahan.
1612British arrives India
1612British India (to 1947)
1612East India Company (to 1757)
1616Sir Thomas Roe visits Jehangir
1627Birth of Shivaji and death of Jehangir
1628Shahjahan becomes emperor of India
1628Jehangir announces "Chain of Justice" outside his palace that anyone can ring the bell and get a personal hearing with the emperor. Jehangir dies, and is succeeded by his son Shah Jahan.
1630Birth of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
1631Death of Mumtaj Mahal
1632Taj Mahal construction initiated by Mughal ruler Shah Jahan
1634The British permitted to trade in india in Bengal
1644Guru Har Rai becomes seventh guru of Sikhs
1644Shivaji takes oath of Independence at Raireshwar.
1653Shah Jahan completes Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan dies, and is succeeded by his son Aurangzeb.
1658Shah Jahan completes Taj Mahal, Jama Masjid, and Red Fort. Imperial treasuries drained by architectural and military overexpenditures. Shah Jahan dies, and is succeeded by his son Aurangzeb.
1659Accession of Aurangzeb, Shahjahan imprisoned
1659Shivaji's ill-equipped and small Maratha army defeat mighty Adilshahi troops at the Battle of Pratapgarh in a major upset in Indian history. Shivaji personally kills Adilshahi commander Afzal Khan (general).
1661Guru Har Krishan becomes eight guru of Sikhs.
1665Shivaji imprisoned by Aurangzeb
1665Guru Tegh Bahadur becomes ninth Guru of Sikhs.
1666Death of Shahjahan
1674Forces led by Shivaji defeat Aurangzeb's troops, and establishes Maratha Empire.
1675Execution of Teg Bahadur,the ninth Guru of Sikhs
1675Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs is executed in Delhi. Guru Gobind Singh becomes tenth Guru of Sikhs.
1675Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs is executed in Delhi by the order of Aurangzeb for his support for the Kashmiri Hindus to practice their religion.Guru Gobind Singh becomes tenth Guru of Sikhs.
1680Death of Shivaji
1680Shivaji dies at Raigad, Sambhaji became 2nd Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire
1680Shivaji dies of fever at Raigad.
1680Sambhaji became 2nd Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire
1681Aurangzeb invades the Deccan
16891689,Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj dies.
1696Danish India (to 1869)
1699Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Guru of Sikhs creates Khalsa, the saint-soldier at Anandpur Sahib, Punjab.
1700Rajaram Chhatrapati died
1705Mughal army arrested for the act.
1707Death of Aurangzeb the Mughal emperor.
1708Death of Guru Gobind Singh
1708Guru Granth Sahib becomes Guru of Sikhs.
1721Attingal Outbreak takes place
1721Madras cyclone occurs
1739Nadir Shah invades India
1749The Maratha Peshwa (prime minister) usurps the Maratha kingdom, starting a new dynastic rule based in Pune.
1757Battle of Plassey, establishment of Britishn political rule in India at the hands of Lord Clive.
1757Company rule in India (to 1857)
1759French India (to 1954)
1760Marathas comprehensively defeat the Nizam, Maratha Empire reaches its zenith.
1761Third Battle of Panipat;Shah Alam II becomes India-s emperor
1761The Marathas are routed in the Third Battle of Panipat on 14 January 1761, by the Afghans led by Ahmad Shah Durrani, an ethnic Pashtun, also known as Ahmad Shah Abdali. The battle is considered one of the largest battles fought in the 18th century.
1764Battle of Buxar
1764Battle of Buxar 1
1765Clive appointed Company-s Governor in India
1765Princely states (to 1947)
1770The great Bangal Famine
1771Marathas re-captures Delhi and parts of North India.
1772Ram Mohan Roy Born (to 1833)
1773Narayanrao Peshwa is murdered by his uncle Raghunathrao's wife in front of Raghunathrao.
1773Regulating Act of 1773
1773Warren Hastings appointed as first Governor-General of India
1774Warren Hastings appointed the first governor general of India by the East India Company
1774Chief Justice of the Maratha Empire, Ram Shastri passes death sentence against the ruling Peshwa Raghunathrao for murdering his nephew.
1775First Anglo-Maratha War
1777First Anglo-Maratha War begins, in which Haidar Ali of Mysore defeats the combined armies of the East India Company, the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad.
1779Maratha sardar Mahadji Shinde routs the East India Company army at the Battle of Wadgaon War ends with the restoration of status quo as perTreaty of Salbai.
1780Birth of Maharaja Ranjit Singh
1780Second Anglo-Mysore War begins.
1784Second Anglo-Mysore War ends with the Treaty of Mangalore.
1786District collectors in Bengal were made responsible for settling the revenue and collecting it.
1789Third Anglo-Mysore War begins.
1790The Marathas under Holkar and General de Boigne defeat the Rajputs of Jaipur and Mughals at the Battle of Patan, where 3000+ Rajput cavalry is killed and the entire Mughal unit vanquished. The defeat crushes Rajput hope of independence from external influence
1792Third Anglo-Mysore War ends.
1793The Permanent Settlement of Bengal
1795Death of Ahilyabai Holkar
1796Ching-Thang Khomba moves Manipur's capital to Kangla
1798Fourth Anglo-Mysore War begins.
1799Fourth Mysore War- Death of Tipu Sultan
1799Death of Tipu Sultan
1799Fourth Anglo-Mysore War ends with the death of Tipu Sultan, the victory of the East India Company, and the restoration of their ally, the Wodeyardynasty of Mysore.
1799Polygar War
1800Death of Nana Fadnavis
1801Maharaja Ranjit Singh establishes Khalsa rule of Punjab from Lahore. Khalsa army liberates Kashmiri Pundits and invades Afghanistan through Khyber Pass.
1802Treaty of Bassein
1803Second Anglo-Maratha War begins
1805Second Anglo-Maratha War ends
1806Vellore Mutiny
1807East India Company signs treaty of Amritsar with Maharaja Ranjit Singh
1809Treaty of Amritsar
1811Death of Yashwantrao Holkar
1814"Atmiya Sabha" Established Later on known as "Prarthana Samaj" By Raja Ram Mohan Roy
1817Third Anglo-Maratha War begins
1817Establishment of Hindu College (Presidency College, now Presidency University, Kolkata)
1818Third Anglo-Maratha War ends with the defeat of Bajirao II and the end of the Maratha Empire leaving the East India Company with control of almost the whole of India
1820Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar is born (to 1891)
1823Anglo-Burmese Wars (to 1826)
1824Dayananda Saraswati is born (to 1883)
1826British rule in Burma (to 1947)
1829Practice of Sati Prohibited
1830Raja-Ram Mohun Roy, founder of Brahmo Samaj,visits England.
1833Death of Raja Ram Mohun Roy.
1836Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa is born (to 1886)
1839Death of Maharaj Ranjit Singh
1839First Anglo-Afghan War
1845First Anglo-Sikh Wars (to 1849)
1845Vasudev Balwant Phadke is born (to 1883)
1852Second Anglo-Burmese War
1853First Railway line opened between Bombay and Thane and a Telegraph line in Calcutta
1853Started Post Service
1853First Railway established between Bombay and Thane
1853Started Post Service
1853First Railway estalblished between Bombay and Thane
1855Santhal rebellion
1856Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act, 1856
1856Bal Gangadhar Tilak is born (to 1920)
1856Narayana Guru is born (to 1928)
1857The sepoy Mutiny or First War of Independence
1857Indian Mutiny Rebellion of 1857(10th May)
1857Establishment of University of Mumbai, University of Madras and University of Calcutta in India
1857Indian Rebellion of 1857
1857Established first three University of Mumbai, University of Madras and University of Calcutta in India