Indian History Timeline - BC

1800 BCIron Age in India.
1750 BCNomadic shepherds, the Aryans, enter India from Central Asia and the Russian steppes.
1700 BCIndus Valley Civilization comes to an end but is continued by the Cemetery H culture.
1500 BCEarly Vedic Period (to 1000 BC)
1300 BCCemetery H culture comes to an end
1200 BCRigveda (to 1000 BC)
1000 BCMiddle and Late Vedic period (to 500 BC)
910 BCYajnavalkya writes the Shatapatha Brahmana, in which he describes the motions of the sun and the moon.
877 BCBirth of Parsvanatha, 23rd Jain Tirthankara
777 BCNirvana of Parsvanatha 23rd Jain Tirthankara
700 BCThe Upanishads, a sacred text of Hinduism, were written.
600 BCSixteen Maha Janapadas ("Great Realms" or "Great Kingdoms") emerge.
600 BCThe Upanishads written
599 BCMahavira, 24th Tirthankar of Jainism is born
563 BCGautam Buddha, founder of Buddhism is born in Lumbini
538 BCCyrus the Great, founder of the Persian Achaemenid Empire conquers northwestern parts of the Indian subcontinent.
527 BCNirvana of Mahavira
483 BCDeath of Gautama Buddha in Kushinagar
400 BCSiddharta Gautama 'Buddha' of the Shakya polity in S. Nepal, founds Buddhism (older date: 563-483 BC)
350 BCPanini, a resident of Gandhara, describes the grammar and morphology of Sanskrit in the text Ashtadhyayi. Panini's standardized Sanskrit is known as Classical Sanskrit.
333 BCPersian rule in the northwest ends after Darius III is defeated by Alexander the Great, who establishes the Macedonian Empire after inheriting the Persian Achaemenid Empire.
326 BCAmbhi king of Taxila surrenders to Alexander.
321 BCMauryan Empire is founded by Chandragupta Maurya in Magadha after he defeats the Nanda dynasty and Macedonian Seleucid Empire. Mauryan capital city is Patliputra (Modern Patna in Bihar)
305 BCChandragupta Maurya defeats Seleucus Nicator of the Seleucid Empire.
304 BCSeleucus gives up his territories in the subcontinent (Afghanistan/Baluchistan) to Chandragupta in exchange for 500 elephants. Seleucus offers his daughter in marriage to Chandragupta to seal their friendship.
273 BCAshoka the Great regarded as the greatest ancient Indian emperor, grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, ascends as emperor of the Mauryan Empire.
269 BCAshoka the Great, grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, becomes the emperor of India
266 BCAshoka conquers and unifies most of South Asia, along with Afghanistan and eastern Iran.
265 BCKalinga War takes place between Ashoka and the kingdom of Kalinga.
261 BCConquest of Kalinga
260 BCAshoka begins displaying religious tolerance, grants animal rights, builds hospitals for people and animals, treats his subjects as equals regardless of caste or creed, and promotes non-violence and republicanism.
232 BCAshoka dies and is succeeded by Kunala.
230 BCSimuka declares independence from Mauryan rule and establishes the Satavahana Empire.
200 BCKuninda Kingdom established.
184 BCThe Mauryan Empire, which shrunk considerably, collapsed after its emperor Brihadrata was assassinated by his general Pusyamitra Sunga who then established the Sunga dynasty.
180 BCEstablishment of the Indo-Greek kingdom.
80 BCEstablishment of the Indo-Scythian kingdom.
65 BCThe Pandyan king sends ambassadors to the Greek and Roman lands.
57 BCBeginning of Vikram Era