Current Affairs Global - 31 May 2014

1. World No Tobacco Day is observed today (31st May) across the world to raise awareness of the adverse effects and negative health effects of tobacco use, which currently lead to 5.4 million deaths worldwide every year.

The member states of the World Health Organization (WHO) created World No Tobacco Day in 1987. For World No Tobacco Day 2014, WHO and partners call on countries to raise taxes on tobacco. Under the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC), countries should implement tax and price policies on tobacco products as a way to reduce tobacco consumption.

2. Abdel Fattah Saeed Hussein Khalil El-Sisi is the President-elect of Egypt and will be the new President of Egypt. He was an Egyptian military commander who was Commander-in-Chief of the Egyptian Armed Forces, as well as Minister of Defence, from 12th August 2012 till 26th March 2014. Al-Sisi has received 96.88% of the vote and defeated Nasserist Hamdeen Sabahy.

3. Peter Mutharika, the brother of Malawi's former leader and leader of opposition Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), has emerged winner of Malawi's presidential election yesterday after getting 36.4% of the total votes. He defeated Lazarus Chakwera who got 27.8% of the votes and outgoing president Joyce Banda who won 20.2% of the votes. After winning election, Peter Mutharika has been sworn in as Malawi's president today.

4. Japanese Hiroshi Naka has been appointed as the Vice President and Auditor General of World Bank. The appointment was announced by the World Bank President Jim Yong Kim. He will be responsible for providing leadership on evaluating and improving the effectiveness of the bank's risk management, control and governance processes.

Hiroshi Naka has worked for more than 25 years with the Japanese Ministry of Finance and multilateral organizations. He is specialized in issues such as economic sanctions, anti-money laundering and supervision of financial institutions.

5. Brazil's economy grew by just 0.2% in the first quarter of 2014, as per the data published by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. It has also revised down economic growth in the last quarter of 2013 to 0.4%.

President Dilma Rousseff announced that growth will pick up this quarter due to Football world cup scheduled to start from June. But Brazilian economy is struggling with high inflation and low business investment. Brazil recently witnessed protests by its citizens due to high expense for the world cup preparation amid lower growth.