Current Affairs Global - 10 October 2013

1. The World Mental Health Day is observed today (10th October) across the world to raise awareness about mental illness and its effects on people. The theme for the year 2013 is -Mental health and older adults-. It was first celebrated in 1992 at the initiative of the World Federation for Mental Health, a global mental health organization with members and contacts in more than 150 countries.


2. US President Barack Obama has appointed Janet Yellen (67) as the new Chairman of Federal Reserves, which is also considered to the second most important job in the US. She will become the first woman chair of the Federal Reserve (the US central bank) in its 100 years of existence. It is by far the most powerful position in the global financial system. After her appointment, Yellen will rank as one of the two most powerful women in the world along with German chancellor Angela Merkel.


3. UK is to host next year's Nato (North Atlantic Treaty Org.) summit for the first time since the end of the cold war in 1990. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.


4. Sri Lanka-s cabinet was expanded today with the inclusion of nine new Deputy Ministers. The new Deputy Ministers include former Sri Lankan Cricketer and Chairman of the Selection Committee, Sanath Jayasuriya, Lakshman Perera, Sarath Weerasekara, Y.G. Padmasiri, Anthony Victor Perera, Hemal Gunasekera, Mohan Lal Grero, Nishantha Mutuhettigama and Sarath Mutukumarana.


5. Canadian Author Alice Munro won Nobel Prize 2013 in literature for her short stories that focus on the frailties of the human condition. With this she became the first Canadian woman to win the Nobel Prize since its launch in 1901 and she is also just the 13th woman to win the Nobel Literature Prize since it was first awarded in 1901. Munro is the author of 14 story collections; her latest is "Dear Life," which includes four autobiographical tales.


6. Malala Yousafzai, the Pakistani teen shot by the Taliban for supporting girls' education, won the European Union's (EU) Sakharov human rights prize 2013. Iranian lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh and film maker Jafar Panahi won the prize last year for their work in order to develop a better Iran for women.